Tuesday, 18 June 2013

Analysis and Evaluation Of 'A Storm in a Black Forest.' By D. H. Lawrence.

The event being beautifully captured in this free verse poem is a powerful storm in a dark forest at night. The poem is about the fear of lightning, and how it is a potent element of weather. The poet states in subtle and obvious ways that a storm is untameable, mainly focusing on the vicious lightning. The poem beings with a serene atmosphere of dusk, but the mood is quickly changed with the introduction of the storm to strike fear in the reader. The concept of a storm being powerful is a relevant idea to write about.

David has used sound devices that effectively add to the concept of the storm being powerful. He uses techniques such as repetition, alliteration and assonance to efficaciously do this. In the first verse of the first stanza, the poet creates a serene atmosphere through the use of the alliteration of a, ‘soft sky.’ This is used to contrast with the repetition used in the following verse, ‘jugfull after jugfull.’ The tranquillity of the, ‘soft sky’ is therefore cut short by the fierce lightning being depicted. This suggests that the lightning is swift and can dramatically change any situation.

The poet has used a few language techniques such as metaphors, personification and imagery. The poet used these techniques magnificently to demonstrate the full aggression and power of a storm and to prove beyond doubt that it is untameable by man, or any other creature. In the second stanza, the last verse, it says, ‘the heavens cackle with uncouth sounds.’ This is a very imaginative and interesting use of personification that has multiple meanings. The cackling refers to laughter and by saying that the heavens laugh in an uncouth manner suggests that the heavens are making awkward and strange laughing sounds, which is known as a nervous laughter. This suggests that even the heavens, a place meant to be more powerful than any other, are even slightly afraid of such ferociousness. This is an indeed, a very scary concept that effectively forces readers to feel afraid.


The poet has thoughtfully chosen a free verse structure to contribute to the destructive and powerful theme of the poem. The poem has no formal pattern or structure, nor does it rhyme. This successfully suggests that storms do not have structure either, and are free to do as they please. This essentially adds to the idea that the storm is untameable by man, as it is not enslaved by structure.

The poet, David H Lawrence, has successfully articulated the message that storms are brutal, uncaring and are not repressed by man, or any other creature. David causes the reader to feel afraid of storms, and know that they are mighty. He does this thoroughly the use of figurative language, sound devices and poem structure.

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